Print PDF

Non-Domain Name Trademark Infringement

1-800 Contacts, Inc. v. WhenU.com, Inc.
309 F. Supp. 2d 467 (S.D.N.Y. 2003) (plaintiff’s motion for preliminary injunction), rev’d and remanded, 414 F.3d 400 (2d. Cir. 2005)
24 Hour Fitness USA, Inc. v. 24/7 Tribeca Fitness, LLC
2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 14307 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 18, 2003) (Plaintiff’s motion for preliminary injunction); 447 F. Supp. 2d 266 (S.D.N.Y. 2006) (Decision after bench trial)
A&H Sportswear Co. v. Victoria's Secret Stores, Inc.
134 F. Supp. 2d 668 (E.D. Pa. 2001)
A.V. by Versace, Inc. v. Gianni Versace, S.p.A.
87 F. Supp. 2d 281 (S.D.N.Y. 2000)
Ahava (USA), Inc. v. J.W.G., Ltd.
250 F. Supp. 2d 366 (S.D.N.Y. 2003) (plaintiff’s motion for preliminary injunction), 279 F. Supp. 2d 219 (S.D.N.Y. 2003) (plaintiff’s motion for contempt), 286 F. Supp. 2d 321 (S.D.N.Y. 2003) (plaintiff’s motion for damages, attorney’s fees, and costs)
Am. Massage Therapy Ass'n v. Folkers
308 F. Supp. 2d 899 (N.D. Ill. 2004)
Am. Online, Inc. v. AT&T Corp.
1998 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 22556 (E.D. Va. Dec. 24, 1998) (preliminary injunction), and 64 F. Supp. 2d 549 (E.D. Va. 1999) (summary judgment), aff’d in part and vacated in part, 243 F.3d 812 (4th Cir. 2001), cert. denied, 534 U.S. 946 (2001)
Architectural Mailboxes, LLC v. Epoch Design, LLC
2011 WL 1530809 (S.D. Cal. Apr. 28, 2011)
Area 55, Inc. v. Pandamerican LLC
2010 WL 3564715 (S.D. Cal. Sept. 10, 2010)
Audi AG v. Shokan Coachworks, Inc.
592 F. Supp. 2d 246 (N.D.N.Y. 2008)
Australian Gold, Inc. v. Hatfield
436 F.3d 1228 (10th Cir. 2006)
Aztar Corp. v. MGM Casino
59 U.S.P.Q.2d 1460 (E.D. Va. 2001)
Bally Total Fitness Holding Corp. v. Faber
29 F. Supp. 2d 1161 (C.D. Cal. 1998)
Bay State Savings Bank v. BayState Financial Services, LLC
338 F. Supp. 2d 181 (D. Mass. 2004)
Bayer Healthcare, LLC v. Nagrom, Inc.
2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 19454 (D. Kan. Sept. 7, 2004)
Baylor Univ. v. Int'l Star, Inc.
61 U.S.P.D.2d 1700 (W.D. Tex. 2001)
Bear Stearns Companies, Inc. v. Lavalle
2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 23117 (N.D. Tex. Dec. 3, 2002)
Becoming, Inc. v. Avon Prods., Inc.
2001 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 11929 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 15, 2001)
Bernina of Am., Inc. v. Fashion Fabrics Int'l, Inc.
2001 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 1211 (N.D. Ill. Feb. 8, 2001)
Best Western Int’l, Inc. v. Doe
2006 WL 2091695 (D. Ariz. Jul 25, 2006) (plaintiff’s motion for expedited discovery); 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 77942 (D. Ariz. Oct. 24, 2006) (defendant’s motion to dismiss and plaintiff’s renewed motion for expedited discovery)
Bijur Lubricating Corp. v. Devco Corp.
332 F. Supp. 2d 722 (D.N.J. 2004)
Boston Duck Tours, LP v. Super Duck Tours, LLC
514 F. Supp. 2d 119 (D. Mass. 2007) (granting preliminary injunction), clarified by 2007 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 94681 (D. Mass. Dec. 5, 2007), , rev’d, 531 F.3d 1 (1st Cir. 2008)
Boxcar Media, LLC v. Redneckjunk, LLC
345 F. Supp. 2d 76 (D. Mass. 2004)
Choice Hotels Int’l, Inc. v. Wright
355 B.R. 192 (Bankr. C.D. Cal. 2006)
Cintas Corp. v. Unite Here
2009 WL 604099 (S.D.N.Y. March 9, 2009)
CNB Financial Corp. v. CNB Community Bank (IO)
2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 21483 (E.D. Pa. Sept. 30, 2004)
College Network, Inc. v. Moore Educ. Publishers, Inc.
2010 WL 1923763 (5th Cir. May 12, 2010)
Competition Specialties, Inc. v. Competition Specialties, Inc.
No. C00-0038L (W.D. Wash. 2001), aff’d, 87 Fed. Appx. 38 (9th Cir. Jan. 20, 2004)
Consumerinfo.com, Inc. v. One Techs. LP
No. 09-3783 (C.D. Cal. Jan. 12, 2011)
Conversive, Inc. v. Conversagent, Inc.
433 F. Supp. 2d 1079, (D.C. Cal. 2006)
Degidio v. West Group Corp.
191 F. Supp. 2d 904 (N.D. Ohio 2002) (motion for summary judgment), 205 F. Supp. 2d 806 (N.D. Ohio 2002) (renewed motion for summary judgment), aff’d, 355 F.3d 506 (6th Cir. 2004), cert. denied, 159 L. Ed. 2d 268 (2004)
Designer Skin, LLC v. S & L Vitamins, Inc.
560 F. Supp. 2d 811 (D. Ariz. 2008)
Diarama Trading Company, Inc. v. J. Walker Thompson USA, Inc.
2005 WL 2148925 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 6, 2005), aff’d, 194 Fed. Appx. 81 (2nd Cir. 2007)
Dress For Success Worldwide v. Dress 4 Success
589 F. Supp. 2d 351 (S.D.N.Y. 2008)
Dudley v. Healthsource Chiropractic, Inc.
585 F. Supp. 2d 433 (W.D.N.Y. 2008)
Eagles, Ltd. v. American Eagle Found
Civ. A. No. 98-00090 (E.D. Tenn. 2001), aff’d, 356 F.3d 724 (6th Cir. 2004)
Echo Design Group, Inc. v. Zino Davidoff S.A.
283 F. Supp. 2d 963 (S.D.N.Y. 2003)
Echo Drain v. Newsted
307 F. Supp. 2d 1116 (C.D. Cal. 2003)
Eglen v. Am. Online, Inc.
2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 11206 (S.D. Ind. June 12, 2003)
Entrepreneur Media, Inc. v. Smith
279 F.3d 1135 (9th Cir. 2002) (reversing in part district court’s grant of summary judgment); 2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 24078 (C.D. Cal. June 24, 2003) (decision following bench trial), aff’d, 101 Fed. Appx. 212 (9th Cir. 2004) (unpublished); 2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 24078 (C.D. Cal. June 23, 2004) (entry of findings of fact and conclusions of law from trial)
Federation Internationale de Football Ass'n. v. Nike, Inc.
285 F. Supp. 2d 64 (D.D.C. 2003)
First Franklin Financial Corp. v. Franklin First Financial, Ltd
356 F. Supp. 2d 1048 (N.D. Cal. 2005)
Flow Control Indus. v. AMHI, Inc.
2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 9252 (W.D. Wash. Mar. 12, 2003)
Ford Motor Co. v. 2600 Enters.
177 F. Supp. 2d 661 (E.D. Mich. 2001)
Ford Motor Co. v. Cross
441 F.Supp.2d 837 (E.D. Mich. 2006)
Freecycle Network, Inc. v. Oey
84 U.S.P.Q.2d 1530 (9th Cir. Aug 15, 2007)
Freedom Calls Foundation v. Bukstel
2006 WL 845509 (E.D.N.Y. Mar 3, 2006)
FTD v. Originals Florist & Gifts, Inc.
2000 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 16869 (N.D. Ill. Nov. 8, 2000)
General Motors Corp. v. Autovation Technologies, Inc.
317 F. Supp. 2d 756 (E.D. Mich. 2004)
General Motors Corp. v. Hummer Advertising
Civ. A. No. 03-74598 (E.D. Mich. Feb. 18, 2004)
Google Inc. v. American Blind and Wallpaper Factory, Inc.
74 U.S.P.Q. 2d 1385 (N.D. Cal. 2007) (Google’s motion to dismiss); U.S. Dist. LEXIS 32450 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 18, 2007) (Cross-motion for summary judgment)
Government Employees Insurance Co. v. Google, Inc.
330 F. Supp. 2d 700 (E.D. Va. 2004) (Google's motion to dismiss); 77 U.S.P.Q.2d 1841 (E.D. Va. Aug. 8, 2005) (Google's motion for judgment)
Gregerson v. Vilana Financial, Inc.
2006 WL 3227762 (D. Minn. Nov. 7, 2006) (defendant’s motion for preliminary injunction); 2007 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 64960 (D. Minn. Aug. 31, 2007 (cross-motions for summary judgment)
Guichard v. Universal City Studios, LLLP
2007 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 45867 (N.D. Cal., June 15, 2007), aff’d, 261 Fed. Appx. 15 (9th Cir. 2007)
Halo Management, LLC v. Interland, Inc.
2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 15563 (N.D. Cal. Aug. 10, 2004)
Hensley Mfg., Inc. v. Propride, Inc.
2008 WL 2514060 (E.D. Mich. June 19, 2008)
Hickory Farms, Inc. v. Snackmasters
2007 WL 1576124 (N.D. Ill. May 29, 2007)
Highfields Capital Management L.P. v. John Doe
385 F. Supp. 2d 969 (N.D. Cal. 2005)
Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels v. Building Champions, LLC
345 F. Supp. 2d 716 (W.D. Ky. 2004)
Horphag Research Ltd. v. Garcia
Civ. A. No. 8:99-cv-00816 (C.D. Cal. Aug. 29, 2001) (trial), aff’d in part and vacated and remanded in part, 337 F.3d 1036 (9th Cir. 2003); Civ. A. No. 5:00-cv-00372 (C.D. Cal. Dec. 29, 2003) (plaintiff’s motion for summary judgment), aff’d 475 F.3d 1029 (9th Cir. 2007) (upholding district court’s reconsideration of dilution claim in light of Moseley decision)
Hy Cite Corp. v. badbusinessbureau.com, L.L.C.
418 F.Supp.2d 1142 (D. Ariz. 2005)
Image Online Design, Inc. v. CORE Assoc.
120 F. Supp. 2d 870 (C.D. Cal. 2000)
In re Casino de Monaco Trademark Litigation
2010 WL 1375395 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 31, 2010)
Indep. Living Aids, Inc. v. Maxi-Aids, Inc.
208 F. Supp. 2d 387 (E.D.N.Y. 2002) (amending previous judgment), aff’d, 69 Fed. Appx. 4 (2d Cir. 2003), 2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 2456 (E.D.N.Y. Feb. 21, 2004) (plaintiff’s motion to modify injunction)
Interactive Prods. Corp. v. A2Z Mobile Office Solutions, Inc.
195 F. Supp. 2d 1024 (S.D. Ohio 2001), aff’d, 326 F.3d 687 (6th Cir. 2003)
International Star Registry of Illinois v. SLJ Group (a.k.a. Bowman-Haight Ventures, Inc.)
2001 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 18356 (N.D. Ill. Nov. 8, 2001) (denying defendant’s motion for summary judgment regarding damages), 2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 11803 (N.D. Ill. July 9, 2003) (denying cross-motions for summary judgment regarding damages); 325 F. Supp. 2d 879 (N.D. Ill. 2004) (holding defendant in contempt)
Internet Specialties West, Inc. v. Milon-DiGiorgio Enters., Inc.
559 F.3d 985 (9th Cir. 2009)
Internetshopsinc.com v. Six C Consulting, Inc.
2011 WL 1113445 (N.D. Ga. Mar. 24, 2011)
Interstate Net Bank v. Netbank, Inc.
221 F. Supp. 2d 513 (D.N.J. 2002) (granting plaintiff’s motion for summary judgment that NETBANK is generic for banking services); 348 F. Supp. 2d 340 (D.N.J. 2004) (granting plaintiff’s motion for summary judgment to cancel defendant’s registration)
Int'l Data Group, Inc. v. Ziff Davis Media, Inc.
145 F. Supp. 2d 422 (D. Del. 2001)
J&B Wholesale Distrib. v. Redux Bevs., LLC
85 U.S.P.Q.2d 1623 (D. Minn. 2007)
J.G. Wentworth, S.S.C. L.P. v. Settlement Funding, LLC
2007 U.S. Dist. Lexis 288 (E.D. Pa. Jan. 4, 2007)
Jeri-Jo Knitwear, Inc. v. Club Italia, Inc.
94 F. Supp. 2d 457 (S.D.N.Y. 2000)
Johnny’s Fine Foods, Inc. v. Johnny’s Inc.
286 F. Supp. 2d 876 (M.D. Tenn. 2003)
Johnson v. Connolly
2007 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 31721 (N.D. Cal. April 18, 2007)
Katz v. Modiri
283 F. Supp. 2d 883 (S.D.N.Y. 2003)
Labrador Software, Inc. v. Lycos, Inc.
32 F. Supp. 2d 31 (D. Mass. 1999)
Lighthouse Plastics, LLC v. Lighthouse Plastics, LLC
2006 WL 1030003 (N.D. Miss. Apr 14, 2006)
Louis Vuitton Malletier v. Veit
211 F. Supp. 2d 567 (E.D. Pa. 2002), amended by, 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 13336 (E.D. Pa. July 15, 2002)
Mattel, Inc. v. Walking Mountain Prods.
No. CV-99-08543 (C.D. Cal. Aug. 22, 2001), aff’d, 353 F.3d 792 (9th Cir. 2003), 2004 U.S. Dist. Lexis 12469 (C.D. Cal. June 24, 2004) (granting defendant’s motion for attorneys fees and expenses)
MCW v. badbusinessbureau.com
2004 U.S. Dist. Lexis 6678 (N.D. Tex. Apr. 19, 2004)
Merck & Co., Inc. v. Mediplan Health Consulting, Inc.
425 F. Supp. 2d 402 (S.D.N.Y. 2006) (defendants' motions to dismiss); 431 F. Supp. 2d 425 (S.D.N.Y. 2006) (Merck's request for reconsideration)
Microsoft Corp. v. Lindows.com Inc.
Movado Group, Inc. v. Matagorda Ventures, Inc.
2000 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 18196 (S.D.N.Y. Dec. 11, 2000)
N. Am. Med. Corp. v. Axiom Worldwide, Inc.
522 F.3d 1211 (11th Cir. 2008)
Network Automation, Inc. v. Advanced Sys. Concepts, Inc.
No. 10-00484 (C.D. Cal. Apr. 30, 2010) (granting defendant’s motion for preliminary injunction); No. 10-55840 (9th Cir. Mar. 8, 2011) (reversing the district court’s decision and vacating preliminary injunction against plaintiff’s use of defendant’s trademark as a search-engine keyword)
New York-New York Hotel & Casino, LLC v. Katzin
2010 WL 4386497 (D. Nev. Oct. 27, 2010)
Nordic Inn Condominium Owners' Ass'n v. Ventullo
151 N.H. 571 (N.H. 2004)
Northwest Airlines v. NWA Fed. Credit Union
2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 17766 (D. Minn. Sept. 2, 2004)
NXIVM Corp. v Ross Inst.
364 F.3d 471 (2nd Cir. 2004)
Ohio Art Co., Inc. v. Watts
49 U.S.P.Q.2d 1957 (N.D. Ohio 1998)
Oracle Corp. v. Light Reading Inc.
233 F. Supp. 2d 1228 (N.D. Cal. 2002).
Ormsby v. Barrett
2008 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 20 (W.D. Wash. Jan. 2, 2008)
Palantir Tech., Inc. v. Palantir.net, Inc.
85 U.S.P.Q.2d 1764 (N.D. Ca. 2008)
Parker v. Google, Inc.
422 F. Supp. 2d 492 (E.D. Pa. 2006), aff’d, 242 Fed.Appx. 833 (3d Cir. 2007)
Philbrick v. eNom, Inc.
593 F. Supp. 2d 352 (D.N.H. 2009)
Philip Morris USA, Inc. v. Otamedia Ltd.
331 F. Supp. 2d 228 (S.D.N.Y. 2004); 2005 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 1259 (S.D.N.Y. Jan. 28, 2005) (Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation for an award of treble damages and attorney’s fees)
Planetary Motion, Inc. v. Techplosion, Inc.
261 F.3d 1188 (11th Cir. 2001)
Playboy Enters. Int’l, Inc. v. Muller
314 F. Supp. 2d 1037 (D. Nev. 2004)
Playboy Enters., Inc. v. Welles
7 F. Supp. 2d 1098 (S.D. Cal. 1998) (preliminary injunction), aff’d, 162 F.3d 1169 (9th Cir. 1998); 78 F. Supp. 2d 1066 (S.D. Cal. 1999) (summary judgment), aff’d in part, rev’d in part 279 F.3d 796 (9th Cir. 2002), aff’d 30 Fed. Appx. 734 (9th Cir. 2002)
Playtex Products, Inc. v. Georgia-Pacific Corp.
2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 13981 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 12, 2003), aff’d, 390 F.3d 158 (2nd Cir. 2004)
Primedia Intertec Corp. v. Technology Marketing Corp.
35 F. Supp. 2d 809 (D. Kan. 1998)
Promatek Indus. v. Equitrac Corp.
300 F.3d 808 (7th Cir. 2002)
Ptak Bros. Jewelry, Inc. v. Ptak
2007 WL 1536934 (S.D.N.Y. May 29, 2007) (granting motion for preliminary injunction); 2007 WL 1839379 (S.D.N.Y. June 22, 2007) (preliminary injunction order)
Punch Clock, Inc. v. Smart Software Development
553 F. Supp. 2d 1353 (S.D. Fla. 2008)
Purdy v. BNSF Corp.
2001 U.S. App. LEXIS 22866 (8th Cir. Oct. 24, 2001)
Radio Channel Networks, Inc. v. Broadcast.com, Inc.
1999 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 2577 (S.D.N.Y. 1999), aff'd, 1999 U.S. App. LEXIS 30058 (2d Cir. Nov. 17, 1999)
Register.com, Inc. v. Verio, Inc.
126 F. Supp. 2d 238 (S.D.N.Y. 2000)
Richards v. Cable News Network, Inc.
15 F. Supp. 2d 683 (E.D. Pa. 1998)
Roger Cleveland Golf Co., Inc. v. Price (sic)
2010 WL 5019260 (D.S.C. Dec. 3, 2010) (denying defendant Bright Builders’ motion for summary judgment); No. 09-02119 (D.S.C. Mar. 14, 2011) (judgment against defendant Prince for trademark counterfeiting and infringement; judgment against defendant Bright Builders for contributory trademark counterfeiting and infringement) (See discussion of case in Nondomain Name Trademark Infringement - Cases Finding Infringement section above.)
Rolex Watch U.S.A., Inc. v. Jones
2000 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 15082 (S.D.N.Y. 2000) (summary judgment); 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 6657 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 17, 2002) (magistrate judge's report and recommendation on damages)
S&L Vitamins, Inc. v. Australian Gold, Inc.
521 F. Supp. 2d 188 (E.D.N.Y. 2007)
S. Snow Mfg. Co. v. Sno Wizard Holdings, Inc.
2011 WL 601639 (E.D. La. Feb. 16, 2011)
Saturn Corp. v. Saturn Serv., Inc.
No. 01-6939 (S.D. Fla. Sept. 13, 2001)
Savannah Coll. of Art and Design, Inc. v. Houeix
369 F. Supp. 2d 929 (S.D. Ohio 2004) (bench trial), 2005 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 9022 (S.D. Ohio Apr. 22, 2005) (denying defendant’s motion for attorney’s fees)
Shainin II, LLC v. Allen
2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 29900 (W.D. Wash. May 15, 2006)
Silhouette Int’l Schmied AG v. Chakhbazian
2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 19787 (S.D.N.Y. Oct. 4, 2004)
Site Pro-1, Inc. v. Better Metal, LLC
506 F. Supp. 2d 123 (E.D.N.Y. 2007)
Specialty Vehicle Acquisition Corp. v. American Sunroof Corp.
2008 WL 2795834 (E.D. Mich. July 18, 2008)
Standard Process, Inc. v. Banks
554 F.Supp.2d 866 (E.D. Wis. 2008)
Storus Corp. v. Aroa Mktg., Inc.
2008 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 11698 (N.D. Cal. Feb. 15, 2008)
Strange Music, Inc. v. Strange Music, Inc.
326 F. Supp. 2d 481 (S.D.N.Y 2004)
Suarez Corp. Indus. v. Earthwise Tech.
2008 WL 4934055 (W.D. Wash. Nov. 14, 2008)
Sugar Busters LLC v. Brennan
177 F.3d 258 (5th Cir. 1999)
Sullivan v. CBS Corp.
385 F.3d 772 (7th Cir. 2004)
Sunlight Saunas, Inc. v. Sundance Sauna, Inc.
427 F. Supp. 2d 1032, (D. Kan. 2006) (cross-motions for summary judgment); 442 F. Supp. 2d 1160 (D. Kan. 2006) (defendants’ motion for judgment as a matter of law)
Tdata Inc. v. Aircraft Technical Publishers
411 F. Supp. 2d 901 (S.D. Ohio 2006)
Ticketmaster Corp. v. Tickets.com, Inc.
54 U.S.P.Q.2d 1344 (C.D. Cal. 2000) (defendant's motion to dismiss); 2000 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 12987 (C.D. Cal. Aug. 10, 2000) (plaintiff's motion for preliminary injunction), aff'd, 2 Fed. Appx. 741 (9th Cir. 2001) (unpublished opinion)
Tiffany (NJ) Inc. v. eBay, Inc.
576F. Supp. 2d 463 (S.D.N.Y. July 14, 2008)
Ty, Inc. v. Jones Group, Inc.
98 F. Supp. 2d 988 (N.D. Ill. 2000), aff’d, 237 F.3d 891 (7th Cir. 2001)
Ty, Inc. v. W. Highland Publ'g, Inc.
1998 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 15869 (N.D. Ill. Oct. 5, 1998)
U.S. Risk of Va., LLC v. Lighthouse Programs LLC
2008 WL 4387026 (N.D. Tex. Sept. 26, 2008)
U-Haul Int’l, Inc. v. WhenU.com, Inc.
279 F. Supp. 2d 723 (E.D. Va. 2003)
V Secret Catalogue, Inc. v. Zdrok
Venture Tape Corp. v. McGills Glass Warehouse
540 F.3d 56 (1st Cir. 2008)
Video Pipeline, Inc. v. Buena Vista Entm’t, Inc.
275 F. Supp. 2d 543 (D.N.J. 2003)
Wells Fargo & Co. v. WhenU.com, Inc.
293 F. Supp. 2d 734 (E.D. Mich. 2003)
Whitney Info. Network, Inc. v. Xcentric Ventures, LLC
2005 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 24920, 2005-2 Trade Cas. (CCH) P74908 (M.D. Fla. July 14, 2005)
Yahoo! Inc. v. Shapiro
No. C-02-05620 CW (N.D. Cal. Oct. 9, 2003) (Order Adopting Magistrate Judge’s Recommendation and Report)
Yahoo! Inc. v. Yahoo Moving & Storage, Inc.
No. C-03-0012 CW (N.D. Cal. May, 28, 2003) (Magistrate Judge’s report and recommendation), (N.D. Cal. Nov. 6, 2003) (order adopting Magistrate Judge’s report and recommendation with modifications)